Einheit 5.10 (online)

Grammatik

Personal Pronouns in the Dative

Please work through the following presentation to learn about the personal pronouns and reflexive pronouns in the dative case.

Personal Pronouns and Reflexive Pronouns in the Dative

Übung 1. Click the correct dative personal pronoun to replace the bolded noun in the first sentence.

Übung 2


Grammatik

Adjective Endings in Dative

As you already know, adjectives take an ending when they come directly before the noun they describe. The adjective endings vary depending on the gender, number, and case of the noun which they describe.

Adjective endings in the dative case are a bit simpler than the ones you learned before 🙂 In the dative case, if the adjective is preceded by a der-word (e.g., definite article), all adjectives (regardless of the gender of the noun) add -en. As you learned in Einheit 5.8, the masculine form of the definite article changes from der to dem, the feminine definite article changes to der, the neuter article changes to dem, and the plural article changes to den.

masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative der rote Rock die weiße Bluse das blaue Hemd die schwarzen Schuhe
accusative den roten Rock die weiße Bluse das blaue Hemd die schwarzen Schuhe
dative dem roten Rock der weißen Bluse dem blauen Hemd den schwarzen Schuhen

In the dative case, if the adjective is preceded by an ein-word (e.g., indefinite article, “kein”, or any possessive adjective mein, dein, sein/ihr/sein, unser, euer, ihr/Ihr), the same rules as with der-words apply: the adjective ending is -en.

masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative ein roter Rock eine weiße Bluse ein blaues Hemd keine schwarzen Schuhe
accusative einen roten Rock eine weiße Bluse ein blaues Hemd keine schwarzen Schuhe
dative einem roten Rock einer weißen Bluse einem blauen Hemd keinen schwarzen Schuhen

*ACHTUNG* All nouns (except for some proper names) add -n in the dative plural, unless their plural ends in -s, for example:

die Freunde (Nom. pl.) → den Freunden (Dat. pl.)

die Bücher (Nom. pl.) → den Büchern (Dat. pl.)

die Hobbys (Nom. pl.) → den Hobbys (Dat. pl.)

Übung 2

Wortschatz in Quizlet:

Weihnachten

Was wissen Sie jetzt? Klicken Sie hier für Quiz 5.10.


Extra Practice (optional):

Video Serie – Nicos Weg
Click on the link and watch the video. Then click on “start” under the video and do the exercises.

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