Einheit 1.2 (online)

Scrabble letters: H A L L O

listening icon Übung 1a. Listen to the dialogue and click on the correct answer based on what you hear.

listening icon Übung 1b. Listen to the dialogue and click on the correct answer based on what you hear (True = Richtig  and False = Falsch).

listening icon Übung 1c. Listen to the dialogue.


Sie, du oder ihr?

The German language has three different words for “you”.

Sie (formal singular and plural) – commonly used among adults, with someone you don’t know (e.g., shopkeeper, drivers) or who functions in a professional role or position of authority (e.g., boss, doctor, police officer, flight attendant)

Wie heißen Sie? / Woher kommen Sie?

du (informal singular) – used with friends, family, children, pets, fellow students, longtime coworkers

Wie heißt du? / Woher kommst du?

ihr (informal plural) – this the plural form of “du” – used for example with several friends/family members/children at once (e.g., meeting several students at a party, a teacher talking to a group of younger students)

Wie heißt ihr? / Woher kommt ihr?

In general, German speakers use much more formal language when addressing each other than English speakers, especially among older people. It is quite common for many people who have been neighbours for years or coworkers in the same office to still address each other with “Frau Meier” or “Herr Berg” and use the “Sie-Form”.

If you are ever unsure whether to use the “du-Form” or the “Sie-Form” (especially in a professional context or when the other person is older or in a higher position of power), it is always safest to use “Sie” until the person to whom you are talking suggests that you use “du“.


H5P activity icon Übung 2. Match each picture with its corresponding pronoun.

Block letters: A B C


video icon Das Alphabet. Watch this video and practice as she teaches you the alphabet.

All activities in this e-textbook require ä, ö, ü, and ß where necessary and you should learn how to spell words the way we present them. You also need to use ä, ö, ü, and ß when you write tasks and quizzes. If you do not know how to make an umlaut or Eszett (ß), please refer to this short article. Also please note that we try to always provide the special characters for you so that you can copy and paste them from the instructions. In the German-speaking countries, people usually only use the ae, oe, ue as mentioned in the video when they do a crossword puzzle. Otherwise, they use the umlaut.


quiz icon Was wissen Sie jetzt? Klicken Sie hier für Quiz 1.2.

Extra Practice (optional):

video icon Das Alphabet
Here is a
website that teaches you each letter individually. You can work through this throughout the semester or whenever you have an issue with a specific sound. 

video icon Easy German
Here is a video that asks Germans on the streets of Berlin when they “duzen” or “siezen“. The video is in German, but there are English subtitles;-)

video icon Nicos Weg
Throughout the semester we will use clips from “Nicos Weg” to help practice what we are learning in this course. Nicos Weg is a video series developed by Deutsche Welle. Feel free to use other parts of the series if you want to practice more. If you have trouble figuring out how to complete the exercises, please go to this link and scroll to “exercises” and read about how the activities are to be completed.

If you want extra practice on “introducing yourself”, watch the video here.  Then click on “start” under the video and do the exercises.

Media Attributions


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Willkommen: Deutsch für alle Copyright © 2020 by Claudia Kost and Crystal Sawatzky is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.