Chapter __: How Literacy Affects the Settlement of Immigrant Women

Chapter References and Attributions

References

ABCLifeLiteracyCanada. (n.d.). Literacy at a Glance. What is Life Literacy? ABCLifeLiteracyCanada website https://abclifeliteracy.ca/literacy-at-a-glance/

Bies, C. (2019, November 07). Why Children of Immigrants Work so Hard. TEDxOshkosh. [Video] YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9lRUVfFGVxQ

Bhuyan, R. and Schmidt, C. (2019, September). Immigrant Women’s Settlement Transitions in an Era of Precarious Migration Primary Research Report. IWYS Immigrant women, youth, and seniors. https://ocasi.org/sites/default/files/iwys-primary-research-womens-final-report.pdf

Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. (2003). Immigrant and refugee women. Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. https://www.criaw-icref.ca/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/Immigrant-Refugee-Women-Factsheet.pdf

CanLearn Society. (2021, July). A Curriculum Framework Biliteracy Learning with Adult ESL Literacy Learners. CanLearn Society. https://www.canlearnsociety.ca

CAPLA (2017, October 13). Low Literacy Employment Assessment Tools and Methodology for Immigrant and Refugee Women. CAPLA 2017 conference in Toronto. [Video] YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7NDrxnjXoGs&t=2256s

CCCSA. (2022). Stepping Stones to English. CCCSA. https://cccsa.ca/english-literacy/

CCLB. (2022) ESL for Adult Literacy Learners (ALL). CCLB. https://www.language.ca/product/pdf-e-020-clb-esl-for-all/

Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks. (2022). Canadian Language Benchmarks. CCLB. https://www.language.ca/home/

CIWA Language Training and Childcare Department. (2017). Assessment Tools For Skills, Needs and Progress of ESL Literacy Learners. Calgary Learns & Alberta Ministry of Labour Immigrant Settlement and Language Programs. ATESL. https://www.atesl.ca/documents/1532/CIWA-summary_report.pdf

CIWA. (1999). Knowing your Literacy Students. CIWA. http://en.copian.ca/library/learning/ciwa/kyls_project/kyls_project.pdf

CIWA. (2022). Civic Engagement for Immigrant Women Program. CIWA. https://ciwa-online.com

CIWA.(2022, Jan 11). Teaching Literacy Learners: A Conversation with Instructors from “Pebbles in the Sand”. [Video] YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jcev48IMLso&t=42s

Colorin Colorado! (2019). What are BICS and CALP? Colorin Colorado! A bilingual site for educators and families of English language learners. https://www.colorincolorado.org/faq/what-are-bics-and-calp

Cummins, J. (2016, December). Reflections on Cummins (1980), “The Cross-Lingual Dimensions of Language Proficiency: Implications for Bilingual Education and the Optimal Age Issue. TESOL Quarterly Vol. 50, No. 4 (December 2016), pp. 940-944 (5 pages) Published By: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. (TESOL)

Freire, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. London: Penguin Random House.

Geronimo, J. Folinsbee, S. & Goveas. J. (May 2001). A Research Project into the Settlement Needs of Newcomers with Low Literacy Skills in their First Language Who Have Settled in the GTA. The Canadian Multilingual Literacy Centre. http://atwork.settlement.org/downloads/settlement_needs_first_language_literacy_skills.pdf

Gillian Rutherford, G. (2022, March 09). The New Canadians Health Centre aims to help refugees thrive. University of Alberta. https://www.ualberta.ca/folio/2022/03/the-new-canadians-health-centre-aims-to-help-refugees-thrive.html

Government of Canada. (2021, December 15). Settlement Program Terms and conditions: Grant and Contribution: Citizenship and Immigration Canada. IRCC. https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/corporate/transparency/program-terms-conditions/settlement.html

H.W. (2007, September 25). Paulo Freire’s Participatory Model. NACLA. https://nacla.org/article/paulo-freire%27s-participatory-model

Hopper, E. (2020, February 24). Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Thoughtco. https://www.thoughtco.com/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs-4582571

iCAMS: (2008). Discrete LINC clients in 2008. IRCC. https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/corporate/reports-statistics/evaluations/language-instruction-newcomers-canada-2010/appendixa.html

Immigrant Services Association of Nova Scotia. (2021). ISANS website. https://isans.ca

Immigrant Women Services Ottawa. (2022). IWCA website. https://www.immigrantwomenservices.com

Jetelina, M. (2011, May 19). From refugee to Governor General. Canadian Immigrant. Canadian immigrant. https://canadianimmigrant.ca/people/from-refugee-to-governor-general

Kayser, A. & Dr. A & Starks, T. (2021, December 14). What Is Critical Consciousness? Understanding sociopolitical consciousness in the classroom. Achieve the Core. http://achievethecore.org

Lake, D. & Watt, D. (2004). Summary of Benchmark Adult Rate of Second Language Acquisition and Integration: How Long and How Fast. University of Calgary. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/David-Watt-10

Levoy, M. (2016, November 29). Migrant women: labels that define us. TEDxBrusselsWomen [Video]. You Tube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3abYkPKmWI

Mahboubi, P. (2017, August). Improving Immigrants’ Literacy Skills. CD Howe Institute. https://www.cdhowe.org/sites/default/files/2021-12/Commentary_486.pdf

Moletsane, R. (2017, March 7). Cultural practices in South African rural groups are described in detail in the article “Cultural’ practices continue to force girls out of school: Time to act decisively. Bookings. https://www.brookings.edu/blog/education-plus-development/2017/03/07/cultural-practices-continue-to-force-girls-out-of-school-time-to-act-decisively/

Mothers Matter Centre. (2019). HIPPY Calgary at Calgary Immigrant Women’s Association. Mothers Matter Centre website. https://mothersmattercentre.ca

Mosaic PCN. (2022). Programs and Services. Mosaic PCN website. https://mosaicpcn.ca/programs/

Nauman. M. (2021, August 29) Digital Divide. Running head: Exploration of the Role of Digital Literacy in Refugee Migration and Resettlement. Faculty of Arts University of Alberta. https://era.library.ualberta.ca/items/09749522-3b5f-4d33-b9d7-8a65ec96dd8e/download/ba357d48-a466-4e6d-bd4a-50eb43cd7b36

Newcomer Welcome Centre, Regina OpenDoor Society. (2022). Regina OpenDoor Society website. https://rods.sk.ca/pages/newcomer-welcome-center

Newcomer Women’s Services Toronto. (2020). Newcomer Women’s Services website. https://www.newcomerwomen.org

Osei Poku, F. (2018). Adaptation And Survival Strategies Of Refugee Women With Disabilities In Saskatoon, Canada. University of Saskatchewan. https://harvest.usask.ca

PBS News Hour. (2019, June 11). Why 36 million American adults can’t read enough to work — and how to help them. [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6N8EYkepuqQ

Rockall- Schmidt, G. (2021, September 24). Endemic Illiteracy. [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ussd7JNVihA

Somali Immigrant Aid Organization. (2021- 2022). S.I.A.O. website. https://siao.ca/health-nutrition/+-

Serhat, Dr. K. (2020, February 6). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. Education Library. https://educationlibrary.org/maslows-hierarchy-of-needs-in-education/

Statistics Canada. (2015, November 30). Literacy – Descriptions of proficiency levels. Statistics Canada website. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/89-555-x/2013001/t/tbl1.1-eng.htm

The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies. (2012). PIAAC scale. OECD. https://www.oecd.org/skills/piaac/

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). (2022). Literacy Definition. UNESCO website. http://uis.unesco.org/en/glossary-term/literacy#:~:text=Definition,materials%20associated%20with%20varying%20contexts

UNESCO. (2012, November 09). The bottom ten countries for female education. GEM Report. https://world-education-blog.org/2012/11/09/the-bottom-ten-countries-for-female-education/

Share This Book