Chapter 6: Gender, Sexuality, and Culture

Chapter References and Attributions

References

Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Service Agencies of BC (AMSSA). (2014). Migration matters: Settlement challenges of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) immigrants and refugees. https://www.amssa.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/AMSSA-Info-Sheet-Issue-18-Settlement-Challenges-of-LGBT-Immigrants-and-Refugees.pdf

Alberta Association of Immigrant Serving Agencies (AAISA). (2022). Story of impact: Settlement agencies in Alberta blazing the trail for LGBTQ+ newcomers. https://aaisa.ca/toolkit/story-of-impact-settlement-agencies-in-alberta-blazing-the-trail-for-lgbtq-newcomers/

AMSSA. (2015, June 19). The journey of LGBTQ immigrants and refugees in Canada [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Unia4pU7o6M&ab_channel=AMSSA

Amnesty International. (2022). Women’s rights. https://www.amnesty.org/en/what-we-do/discrimination/womens-rights/

Canadian Council for Refugees. (2009). Pathways to gender justice handbook: Applying a gender lens in working with newcomers. https://ccrweb.ca/files/genderhandbook.pdf

Canadian Council for Refugees. (2006). Pathways to gender justice: A toolkit for people working in the immigrant and refugee serving sector in Canada. https://ccrweb.ca/sites/ccrweb.ca/files/gender.pdf

Canadian Human Rights Commission. (2021, June 12). Human rights in Canada. https://www.chrc-ccdp.gc.ca/en/about-human-rights/human-rights-canada

Canadian Women’s Foundation. (2022). The facts about the gender pay gap. https://canadianwomen.org/the-facts/the-gender-pay-gap/

Centennial College. (2018a). 26. Gender identities. In Our stories: First peoples in Canada. eCampusOntario. https://ecampusontario.pressbooks.pub/indigstudies/chapter/gender-identities/ licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Centennial College. (2018b). Our stories: First peoples in Canada. eCampusOntario. https://www.centennialcollege.ca/indigenous-education/our-stories-first-peoples-in-canada/ licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

City of Edmonton. (2018, April 12). Gender-based analysis + : What is it and why? [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p6w-d1mmjFU&ab_channel=CityofEdmonton

Conference Board of Canada. (2022). Immigrant wage gap. https://www.conferenceboard.ca/hcp/provincial/society/immigrant-gap.aspx

Department of Justice. (2022). State of the criminal justice system dashboard: Gender-diverse. Government of Canada. https://www.justice.gc.ca/socjs-esjp/en/women-femmes/Definitions#Gender_diverse

Desouza, R. (2007). Women, Portuguese culture and diaspora: Women from Goa in New Zealand and cultural appropriation. Campus Social, 3/4, 107–122. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/236894701_Women_Portuguese_culture_and_Diaspora_Women_from_Goa_in_New_Zealand_and_cultural_adaptation

Domingo, Z. (2022, May 4). Why is gender equality important? GVI. https://www.gvicanada.ca/blog/why-is-gender-equality-important/

Donald, D. (2014). Teaching and learning from Aboriginal perspectives in the social studies classroom [Unpublished report]. Edmonton Public Schools.

Dossa, P. (2009). Racialized bodies, disabling worlds: Storied lives of immigrant Muslim women. University of Toronto Press. https://utorontopress.com/9780802095510/racialized-bodies-disabling-worlds/

Egale Canada. (n.d.). Trans and nonbinary identities and gender diversity: Terms and concepts. https://egale.ca/wp-content/uploads/2022/03/Trans-and-Nonbinary-Identities-Terms-and-Concepts-2.0.pdf

Employment and Social Development Canada (EDSC). (2022). Government of Canada announces Workforce Solutions Road Map – further changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program to address labour shortages across Canada [News release]. Government of Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/news/2022/04/government-of-canada-announces-workforce-solutions-road-map–further-changes-to-the-temporary-foreign-worker-program-to-address-labour-shortages-ac.html

Galerand, E., Gallié, M., & Ollivier-Gobeil, J. (2015, January). Domestic labour and exploitation: The case of the Live-In Caregiver Program  in Canada (LCP) [Research report]. https://www.mcgill.ca/lldrl/files/lldrl/15.01.09_rapport_en_vu1.1.13_0.pdf

Global Development Commons (GDC). (n.d.). The global gender gap report 2020. UNICEF. https://gdc.unicef.org/resource/global-gender-gap-report-2020

Goetz, A.-M. (2007). Gender justice, citizenship and entitlements – Core concepts, central debates and new directions for research. In M. Mukhopadhyay & N. Singh (Eds.), Gender justice, citizenship and development (pp. 15–57). International Development Research Centre, Ottawa. https://gsdrc.org/document-library/gender-justice-citizenship-and-entitlements-core-concepts-central-debates-and-new-directions-for-research/

Hankivksy, O., & Mussell, L. (2018). Gender-based analysis plus in Canada: Problems and possibilities of integrating intersectionality. Canadian Public Policy, 44(4), 303–316. https://doi.org/10.3138/cpp.2017-058

Hari, A. (2018). “Someone kept sacrificing”: Disentangling gender ideology in immigrant narratives of social reproduction. Signs, 43(3). https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/695299

ILGA World. (2022). Home page. https://ilga.org/

ILGA World. (2022). State-sponsored homophobia report. https://ilga.org/state-sponsored-homophobia-report

Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. (2022). Act, rules and regulations. https://irb.gc.ca/en/legal-policy/act-rules-regulations/Pages/index.aspx

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). (2021a). Gender-based analysis plus (GBA+): Institutional GBA+ capacity. Government of Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/corporate/publications-manuals/departmental-plan-2021-2022/gender-based-analysis-plus.html

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). (2021b). Gender-based analysis plus (GBA+): Introduction. Government of Canada. https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/corporate/publications-manuals/departmental-plan-2020-2021/gender-based-analysis-plus.html

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). (2021c). Settlement outcomes HIGHLIGHTS report Summary findings from IRCC’s first settlement outcomes report 2021. Government of Canada. https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2021/ircc/Ci34-6-2021-eng.pdf

International Organization for Migration (IOM). (2022). Gender equality. https://www.iom.int/gender-equality

Kang, M., Lessard, D., Heston, L., & Nordmarken, S. (2017). Introduction to women, gender, sexuality studies. https://openbooks.library.umass.edu/introwgss/ licensed under CC BY 4.0

Khosla, P. (2021). Gender equality and intersectional analysis toolkit. Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW). https://www.criaw-icref.ca/publications/gender-equality-and-intersectional-analysis-toolkit/

Leigh, J. P. (2015). Skilled immigrants and the negotiation of family relations during settlement in Calgary, Alberta. Journal of International Migration and Integration, 17, 1065–1083. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-015-0454-9

Little, M., Marks, L., Beck, M., Paszat, E., & Tom, L. (2020). Family matters: Immigrant women’s activism in Ontario and British Columbia, 1960s–1980s. Atlantis: Critical Studies in Gender Culture & Social Justice, 41(1), 105–123. https://doi.org/10.7202/1074022ar

Little, W. (2016). Introduction to Sociology (2nd Canadian ed.). BCcampus. https://opentextbc.ca/introductiontosociology2ndedition/ licensed under CC BY 4.0 International

Luna, K. C. (2021). Fact sheet 3: Racialized women & COVID-19 challenges in Canada. Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women (CRIAW). https://www.criaw-icref.ca/publications/racialized-women-covid-19-challenges-in-canada/

Mendos, L. M., Botha, K., Lelis, R. C., López de la Peña, E., Savelev, I., & Tan, D. (2020). State-sponsored homophobia: Global legislation overview update. ILGA World. https://ilga.org/downloads/ILGA_World_State_Sponsored_Homophobia_report_global_legislation_overview_update_December_2020.pdf licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0 International

Mohanty, C. (1988). Under Western eyes: Feminist scholarship and colonial discourse. Feminist Review, 30(1), 61–88. https://doi.org/10.1057/fr.1988.42

National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls. (2019). Reclaiming power and place: The final report of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls, Volume 1a. https://www.mmiwg-ffada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Final_Report_Vol_1a-1.pdf

Okeke-Ihejirika, P., & Salami, B. (2018). Men become baby dolls and women become lions: African immigrant men’s challenges with transition and integration. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 50(3), 91–110. https://doi.org/10.1353/ces.2018.0024

Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI). (2022). Positive spaces initiative: Home page. https://positivespaces.ca/

Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI). (n.d.). Accessibility kit. https://ocasi.org/sites/default/files/accessibility-kit_0.pdf

Oxfam International. (2022a). 5 ways women and girls have been the hardest hit by Covid-19. https://www.oxfam.org/en/5-ways-women-and-girls-have-been-hardest-hit-covid-19

Oxfam International. (2022b). Gender justice and women’s rights. https://www.oxfam.org/en/what-we-do/issues/gender-justice-and-womens-rights

Parliament of Canada. (n.d.). Bill C-38: Civil Marriage Act. Statutes of Canada 2005, c. 33. 38th Parliament, 1st session.  https://www.parl.ca/LegisInfo/en/bill/38-1/C-38

Robinson, M. (2020). Two-Spirit identity in a time of gender fluidity. Journal of Homosexuality 67(12), 1675–1690. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918369.2019.1613853

Sarkar, U. (2022, January 21). What is gender equity and how is it different from gender equality? Feminism in India (FII). https://feminisminindia.com/2022/01/21/what-is-gender-equity-and-how-is-it-different-from-gender-equality/

Skoll.org. (2019, October 11). Muzoon Almellehan | Educate a girl, spark hope [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LZax5RBPk2k&ab_channel=Skoll.org

Standing Committee on the Status of Women. (2021). Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on women. House of Commons. 43rd Parliament, 2nd Session. https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2021/parl/xc71-1/XC71-1-1-432-6-eng.pdf

Statistics Canada. (2022). Average and median gender wage ratio, annualhttps://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1410034002

Statistics Canada. (2021). Gender of person. https://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p3Var.pl?Function=DEC&Id=410445

Tyagi, R. (2014). Understanding postcolonial feminism in relation with postcolonial and feminist theories. International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 1(2), 45–50. https://ijllnet.com/journals/Vol_1_No_2_December_2014/7.pdf

UN Women. (2022). Handbook on gender mainstreaming for gender equality results. https://www.unwomen.org/sites/default/files/2022-02/Handbook-on-gender-mainstreaming-for-gender-equality-results-en.pdf

UN Women. (2014a). World survey on the role of women in development 2014: Gender equality and sustainable development. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/1900unwomen_surveyreport_advance_16oct.pdf

UN Women. (2014b). The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the care burden, but by how much? https://data.unwomen.org/features/covid-19-pandemic-has-increased-care-burden-how-much-0

UNICEF. (2022). Muzoon Almellehan, UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador. https://www.unicef.org/goodwill-ambassadors/muzoon-almellehan

United Nations (UN). (n.d.a). Girls not brides: The global partnership to end child marriage. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?page=view&type=20036&menu=1561&nr=55338

United Nations (UN). (n.d.b). Sustainable development goals: Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/gender-equality/

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2022). The SDGs in action. https://www.undp.org/sustainable-development-goals

United Nations Human Rights Office of the High Commissioner (OHCHR). (2022). Gender stereotypinghttps://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Women/WRGS/Pages/GenderStereotypes.aspx#:~:text=Gender%20stereotyping%20refers%20to%20the,group%20of%20women%20or%20men

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). (n.d.). Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on trafficking in persons. https://www.unodc.org/documents/Advocacy-Section/HTMSS_Thematic_Brief_on_COVID-19.pdf

University of Alberta. (2016). Indigenous Canada [Online course]. Coursera. https://www.coursera.org/learn/indigenous-canada

USA for UNHCR. (2022, July 8). Syria refugee crisis explained. https://www.unrefugees.org/news/syria-refugee-crisis-explained/

The Walrus. (2017, March 3). Indigenous women and the story of Canada | Sarah Robinson | The Walrus Talks [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nDlIMMZ2gRM

Waring, R., Oyella, P., & Atulinda, A. (2019, March 16). No white saviours: Meet the women behind the campaign [Video news article]. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-africa-47587185

West, C., & Zimmerman, D. H. (1987). Doing gender. Gender and Society, 1(2), 125–151. https://www.gla.ac.uk/0t4/crcees/files/summerschool/readings/WestZimmerman_1987_DoingGender.pdf

Women and Gender Equality Canada. (2022a). Introduction to GBA plus: Glossary: G. Government of Canada. https://women-gender-equality.canada.ca/gbaplus-course-cours-acsplus/eng/global/glossary_glossaire.html#G

Women and Gender Equality Canada. (2022b). Introduction to GBA Plus: The history of GBA plus. Government of Canada. https://women-gender-equality.canada.ca/gbaplus-course-cours-acsplus/eng/modA1/modA1_01_01.html

Women and Gender Equality Canada. (2022c). What is gender-based analysis plus. Government of Canada. https://women-gender-equality.canada.ca/en/gender-based-analysis-plus/what-gender-based-analysis-plus.html

Women and Gender Equality Canada. (2021). Snapshot: COVID-19 and gender-based violence. Government of Canada. https://women-gender-equality.canada.ca/en/gender-based-violence-knowledge-centre/snapshot-covid-19-gender-based-violence.html

Women of the Métis Nation/Les Femmes Michif Otipemisiwak. (2019). Métis-specific gender based analysis plus (GBA+) tool. https://metiswomen.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/Metis-Specific-GBA-Tool.pdf

World Economic Forum (WEF). (2021). Global gender gap report 2021. https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GGGR_2021.pdf

World Health Organization (WHO). (2022). Gender and health. https://www.who.int/health-topics/gender#tab=tab_1

Share This Book