References and PD Resources

for The Program

This section includes resources that informed this section, as well as resources (academic articles, websites, videos, tutorials, courses, etc.) for professional development and further learning on this topic.

Abbott, M. L., Lee, K. K., & Rossiter, M. J. (2018). Evaluating the effectiveness and functionality of professional learning communities in adult ESL programs. TESL Canada Journal35(2), 1–25.

Affiliation of Multicultural Societies and Service Agencies of BC (AMSSA). (2018). BC LINC guidelines.

Alberta Education, International Education Services Branch. (2010). Handbook for international education administrators.

Araf, M., Atkinson, J., Bourke, A., Ecker, E., Peters, M. A., Shearer, N., Vanderveken, J., Weerakoon, Y., & Zeldenrust, G. (2018). Language Instruction for Newcomers in Canada (LINC) program at Mohawk College. Exploring students’ experiences and transition to postsecondary education and employment.

Baril, L. (2011) Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC): Suggestions for improvements. [Unpublished master’s research paper]. Ryerson University.

Beatty, B. J. (2020). Hybrid-flexible course design: Implementing student-directed hybrid classes. Ed Tech Books.

Better Buildings Neighbourhood Program. (2012). Business model guide: Non-utility program administrator business model.

Cambrian College Teaching & Learning Innovation Hub. (2020). HyFlex course development guide.

Canadian Intellectual Property Office. (2019). A guide to copyright.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). (2010). Evaluation of the Language Instruction for Newcomers to Canada (LINC) program.

Davidson, J. O., & Tesh, J. S. (1997). Theory and practice in language program organization design. In M. A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), A handbook for language program administrators (pp. 177–197). Alta Book Centre Publishers.

Derwing, T. (2017). The ins and outs of ESL in Canada: How the past can inform the future. TESL Canada Journal, 34(2), 83–96.

Derwing, T., Diepenbroek, L., & Foote, J. (2009). A literature review of English language training in Canada and other English-speaking countries. A report prepared for Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Eaton, E. (2017). Perceptions of ESL program management in Canadian higher education: A qualitative case study. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 16(9), 13–28,

Elfers, A. M., & Stritikus, T. (2014). How school and district leaders support classroom teachers’ work with English language learners. Educational Administration Quarterly, 50(2), 305–344.

Free Management Library. (n.d.). Program planning and management (business and nonprofit).

Government of Alberta. (2021). Personal Protection Information Act.

Government of Canada. (2016). A leadership development framework for the Public Service of Canada.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). (2019). Designated learning institutions in Canada.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). (2021). Learn about funding processes for settlement services.

Kaplan, R. B. (1997). An IEP is a many-splendored thing. In M. A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), A handbook for language program administrators (pp. 3–21). Alta Book Centre Publishers.

Klinghammer, S. J. (1997). The strategic planner. In M. A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), A handbook for language program administrators (pp. 61–76). Alta Book Centre Publishers.

Languages Canada. (2012). Languages Canada’s quality assurance framework.

Languages Canada. (2016). Languages Canada quality assurance scheme: Standards and specifications.

Languages Canada. (2016, March). Code of conduct.

Languages Canada. (2017). Accreditation handbook: Accreditation to the Languages Canada Quality Assurance Scheme.

Miller, B. D. (1997). Marketing principles for the language program administrator. In M. A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), A handbook for language program administrators (pp. 309–312). Alta Book Centre Publishers.

NEAS Quality Assurance in Education and Training. (2019). NEAS Australia quality practice guide.

Parrish, B. (2015). Meeting the language needs of today’s adult English language learners: Issue Brief. Literacy Information and Communication System.

Russell, F. A. and Von Esch, K. S. (2018, March 26). Teacher leadership to support English language learners. Phi Delta Kappan.

Staczek, J. J. (1997). The language program budget: Financial planning and management of resources. In M. A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), A handbook for language program administrators (pp. 219–234). Alta Book Centre Publishers.

Stoller, F. L. (1997). The catalyst for change and innovation. In M. A. Christison & F. L. Stoller (Eds.), A handbook for language program administrators (pp. 33–48). Alta Book Centre Publishers.

Taahyadin, F., & Daud, Y. (2018). Total quality management in school. IOSR Journal of Business and Management, 20(6) 7–13.

Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. (2003). Standards for adult education ESL programs, Standards 1 & 4.

The United Way Toronto and York Region (2016, May). Program design & development resources.

Vid Cruiter. (2021). Recruiting volunteers in non-profit organizations can be challenging.

Waters, A. (n.d.). Managing innovation in English language education. Lancaster University, UK.

Wells, D. (n.d). Strategic management for senior leaders: A handbook for implementation. Navy Total Quality Leadership Office.

White, R., Martin, M., Stimson, M., & Hodge, R. (1998). Management in English language teaching. Cambridge University Press.


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ATESL Best Practices for Adult EAL and LINC Programming in Alberta by Alberta Teachers of English as a Second Language (ATESL) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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