References and PD Resources

for Skills and Language for Work

This section includes resources that informed this document and resources (academic articles, websites, videos, tutorials, courses, etc.) for professional development and further learning on this topic.

Alberta Workforce Essential Skills (AWES) (n.d.). Essential skills

Bartel, J. (2018). Teaching soft skills for employability. TESL Canada Journal, 35(1), 78–92.

Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks & NorQuest College. (n.d.) Canadian Language Benchmarks-Essential Skills comparative framework [Working document].

Centre for Canadian Language Benchmarks. (n.d.). For regulatory bodies. PBLA Practice Guidelines.

Derwing, T. (2016, May). The Three P’s of ESL in the workplace: Proficiency, pronunciation, and pragmatics. TESL Ontario Contact Research Symposium Issue, 10–20.

Derwing, T., Diepenbroek, L., & Foote, J. (2009). A literature review of English language training in Canada and other English-speaking countries. A report prepared for Citizenship and Immigration Canada.

Government of Canada. (2020). National occupational classification (NOC).

Government of Canada. (2021). Essential skills profiles.

Government of Canada. (2021). Skills for success.

Skills Compétences Canada (2014–2021). What are the nine essential skills?

Whitelaw, C., Abe, Y., & Waugh, E. (n.d.). Teaching essential skills for English in the workplace: Professional development workshops. NorQuest College.


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