6.1 Introduction to Body Systems

Learning Objectives

By the end of this chapter, you will be able to

    1. Differentiate the body systems
    2. Define the common functions of each of the body systems
    3. Describe the key components of each of the body systems
    4. List the combining forms common to each body system
    5. Describe the common pathologies that affect each of the body systems

Chapter Overview

An understanding of body systems is fundamental to any career in a health profession. Much of the content covered in this chapter is required knowledge about topics that are frequently discussed in any clinic or hospital. Familiarity with the human body can even help you make healthful choices for yourself and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. This chapter will discuss the functions, components, and common pathologies found in all body systems. There will be an ample number of practice questions and activities throughout the chapter, as well as a final review.



Unless otherwise indicated, material on this page has been adapted from the following resource:

Betts, J. G., Young, K. A., Wise, J. A., Johnson, E., Poe, B., Kruse, D. H., Korol, O., Johnson, J. E., Womble, M., & DeSaix, P. (2013). Anatomy and physiology. OpenStax. https://openstax.org/details/books/anatomy-and-physiology licensed under CC BY 4.0



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The Language of Medical Terminology by Lisa Sturdy and Susanne Erickson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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