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8.5 Diagnostic Imaging: Example Scans
This section will provide some extra examples of diagnostic imagining scans. They are included purely to add to your knowledge about diagnostic imagining that you have already learned about in this chapter. They are also provided for those with interest in seeing and learning more detail about diagnostic imaging scans.
The two images above are chest X-rays (CXR) with an outline added to emphasize the normal physiological structures.
Fig. 8.45 is a chest X-ray (CXR) of a patient with an enlarged aortic knob—the enlarged white area at the top of the chest. Fig. 8.46 is a CXR of a patient with an enlarged heart.
Both images above show patients with atelectasis, a fully or partially collapsed lung. In Fig. 8.47, one lung is fully collapsed (the white area), and in Fig. 8.48, the lower portions of both lung are collapsed.
In Fig. 8.49, the patient has large bilateral pleural effusions, a build-up of fluid in the lungs.
The two images below show normal abdominal X-rays; Fig. 8.50 also includes the four abdominal quadrants written on the X-ray. These can then be compared to Fig. 8.52 and 8.53 that show abdominal X-rays of a patient with generalized bowel dilation. Fig. 8.54 which also shows a normal abdominal X-ray; however, you can see the presence of artifacts—a bellybutton piercing and buttons on the patient’s clothing. Finally, Fig. 8.55 shows a patient with toxic megacolon.
The two figures above are of the same pediatric patient. You can see that the child has swallowed a foreign object.
Fig. 8.58 is an MRI showing the difference between healthy lungs, COPD lungs, and lungs affected by asthma.
Both images above are of the same patient. Fig. 8.59 is of the patient’s left shoulder pre-operatively with a clavicle fracture; the second image shows the patient post-op with the fracture repaired.
The two figures above are also of the same patient. Fig. 8.61 is an X-ray of the pelvis pre-operatively for a fixation of a pelvic fracture; Fig. 8f.62 shows the patient post-op with the fracture repaired.
Fig. 8.63 shows a pediatric patient with a bullet in their arm, and Fig. 8. 64 is an X-ray of a patient with facial trauma. The final image below is a full-body X-ray of a patient with bilateral femur fractures.
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