Anderson, D., Standerford, N., & Imdieke, S. (2010). A Self-Study on Building Community in the Online Classroom, Networks: An Online Journal for Teacher Research, 12(2).

Anderson, T., Rourke, L., Garrison, D. R., Archer, W. (2001). Assessing Teaching presence in a Computer Conference Environment. Journal of asynchronous learning networks, 5(2), 1-17.

Anderson, T. (2004). Teaching in an online learning context. In T. Anderson & F. Elloumi (Eds.), Theory and practice of online learning (pp. 273-294). Athabasca, AB: Athabasca University. Retrieved from

Anderson, T. (2017, September). How communities of inquiry drive teaching and learning in the digital age. Contact North Nord. Retrieved from

Bates, A. W. (Tony). (2015). Teaching in a Digital Age. Tony Bates Associates Ltd.

Choy, J. L. F., Quek, C. L., (2016). Modelling relationships between students’ academic achievement and community of inquiry in an online learning environment for a blended course, Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 32(4). 106-124.

DiRamio, D., & Wolverton, M. (2006). Integrating learning communities and distance education: Possibility of pipedream? Innovative Higher Education, 31(2), 99–113.

Donovan, J. (2015). The importance of building online learning communities. Colorado State University.

Garrison, D. R., Anderson, T., & Archer, W. (2000). Critical inquiry in a text-based environment: Computer conferencing in higher education model. The Internet and Higher Education, 2(2-3), 87-105.

Hao, R. N. (2011). Critical compassionate pedagogy and the teacher’s role in first‐generation student success. New Directions for Teaching and Learning2011(127), 91–98.

Redmond, P., Heffernan, A., Abawi, L., Brown, A., & Henderson, R. (2018). An online engagement framework for higher education. Online Learning, 22(1), 183-204. doi:10.24059/olj.v22i1.1175

Liu, X., Magjuka, R.J., Bonk, C.J. & Lee, S.h. (2007). Does sense of community matter? An examination of participants’ perceptions of building learning communities in online courses. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(1), 9-24.

Noddings, N. (1992). The challenge to care in schools: an alternative approach to education, New York: Teachers College Press.

Palmer, P. J. (1998). The Courage to Teach. Exploring the inner landscape of a teacher’s life, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Palloff, R. M., and Pratt, K. (2013). Building Online Learning Communities: Effective Strategies for the Virtual Classroom. 2nd Edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 

Raygoza, M., León, R., & Norris, A. (2020). Humanizing online teaching.

Rovai, A. P. (2002). Sense of community, perceived cognitive learning, and persistence in asynchronous learning networks. Internet and Higher Education, 5, 319-332.

Schmidt, N. (2017, March 16). Humanizing online teaching and learning: The quest for authenticity.Educause.

Shackelford, J. L., & Maxwell, M. (2012). Sense of community in graduate online education: Contribution of learner to learner interaction. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(4), 228-249.

Sochacki, J. (2020, March 23). A checklist for building community in the college classroom. Faculty Focus. Retrieved on April 7th, 2020 at

Swan, K. (2001). Virtual interaction: Design factors affecting student satisfaction and perceived learning in asynchronous online courses. Distance Education, 22:2, 306-331.

Tinto, V. (1997). Classrooms as communities: Exploring the educational character of student persistence. The Journal of Higher Education, 68(6), 599-623. doi:10.1080/00221546.1997.11779003

Vesely, P., Bloom, L., & Sherlock, J. (2007). Key elements of building online community: Comparing faculty and student perceptions. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 3(3), 234-246

Wladis, C., Conway, K., Hachey, A. C. (2017). Using course-level factors as predictors of online course outcomes: a multi-level analysis at a US urban community college. Studies in Higher Education, 42(1). 184-200.

Whiteside, A. (2018). Continuing Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood: Returning Compassion, Connection, and Social Presence to Teaching and Learning. Educause Review. Retrieved on April 6, 2020:

Yuan, J., & Kim, C. (2014). Guidelines for facilitating the development of learning communities in online courses. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 30(3), 220-232. doi:10.1111/jcal.12042



Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Fit for Online Learning by U of L Teaching Centre: Jördis Weilandt, Erin Reid, Kristi Thomas, Brandy Old, and Jeff Meadows is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book