Review Questions

1Which of the following was mentioned as a skill to which psychology students would be exposed?

  1. critical thinking
  2. use of the scientific method
  3. critical evaluation of sources of information
  4. all of the above
2Before psychology became a recognized academic discipline, matters of the mind were undertaken by those in ________.

  1. biology
  2. chemistry
  3. philosophy
  4. physics
3In the scientific method, a hypothesis is a(n) ________.

  1. observation
  2. measurement
  3. test
  4. proposed explanation
4Based on your reading, which theorist would have been most likely to agree with this statement: Perceptual phenomena are best understood as a combination of their components.

  1. William James
  2. Max Wertheimer
  3. Carl Rogers
  4. Noam Chomsky
5________ is most well-known for proposing his hierarchy of needs.

  1. Noam Chomsky
  2. Carl Rogers
  3. Abraham Maslow
  4. Sigmund Freud
6Rogers believed that providing genuineness, empathy, and ________ in the therapeutic environment for his clients was critical to their being able to deal with their problems.

  1. structuralism
  2. functionalism
  3. Gestalt
  4. unconditional positive regard
7The operant conditioning chamber (aka ________ box) is a device used to study the principles of operant conditioning.

  1. Skinner
  2. Watson
  3. James
  4. Koffka
8A researcher interested in how changes in the cells of the hippocampus (a structure in the brain related to learning and memory) are related to memory formation would be most likely to identify as a(n) ________ psychologist.

  1. biological
  2. health
  3. clinical
  4. social
9An individual’s consistent pattern of thought and behavior is known as a(n) ________.

  1. psychosexual stage
  2. object permanence
  3. personality
  4. perception
10In Milgram’s controversial study on obedience, nearly ________ of the participants were willing to administer what appeared to be lethal electrical shocks to another person because they were told to do so by an authority figure.

  1. 1/3
  2. 2/3
  3. 3/4
  4. 4/5
11A researcher interested in what factors make an employee best suited for a given job would most likely identify as a(n) ________ psychologist.

  1. personality
  2. clinical
  3. social
  4. I-O
12If someone wanted to become a psychology professor at a 4-year college, they would probably need a ________ degree in psychology.

  1. bachelor of science
  2. bachelor of art
  3. master’s
  4. PhD
13The ________ places less emphasis on research and more emphasis on application of therapeutic skills.

  1. PhD
  2. PsyD
  3. postdoctoral training program
  4. dissertation
14Which of the following degrees would be the minimum required to teach psychology courses in high school?

  1. PhD
  2. PsyD
  3. master’s degree
  4. bachelor’s degree
15One would need at least a(n) ________ degree to serve as a school psychologist.

  1. associate’s
  2. bachelor’s
  3. master’s
  4. doctoral

Critical Thinking Questions

16Why do you think psychology courses like this one are often requirements of so many different programs of study?
17Why do you think many people might be skeptical about psychology being a science?
18How did the object of study in psychology change over the history of the field since the 19th century?
19In part, what aspect of psychology was the behaviorist approach to psychology a reaction to?
20Given the incredible diversity among the various areas of psychology that were described in this section, how do they all fit together?
21What are the potential ethical concerns associated with Milgram’s research on obedience?
22.Why is an undergraduate education in psychology so helpful in a number of different lines of work?
23.Other than a potentially greater salary, what would be the reasons an individual would continue on to get a graduate degree in psychology?

Personal Application Questions

24Why are you taking this course? What do you hope to learn about during this course?
25Freud is probably one of the most well-known historical figures in psychology. Where have you encountered references to Freud or his ideas about the role that the unconscious mind plays in determining conscious behavior?
26Now that you’ve been briefly introduced to some of the major areas within psychology, which are you most interested in learning more about? Why?
27Which of the career options in the field of psychology is most appealing to you?


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Introduction to Psychology Copyright © 2021 by Southern Alberta Institution of Technology (SAIT) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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