Review Questions

1Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that focuses on the study of ________.

  1. human development
  2. human thinking
  3. human behavior
  4. human society
2Which of the following is an example of a prototype for the concept of leadership on an athletic team?

  1. the equipment manager
  2. the scorekeeper
  3. the team captain
  4. the quietest member of the team
3Which of the following is an example of an artificial concept?

  1. mammals
  2. a triangle’s area
  3. gemstones
  4. teachers
4An event schema is also known as a cognitive ________.

  1. stereotype
  2. concept
  3. script
  4. prototype
5________ provides general principles for organizing words into meaningful sentences.

  1. Linguistic determinism
  2. Lexicon
  3. Semantics
  4. Syntax
6________ are the smallest unit of language that carry meaning.

  1. Lexicon
  2. Phonemes
  3. Morphemes
  4. Syntax
7The meaning of words and phrases is determined by applying the rules of ________.

  1. lexicon
  2. phonemes
  3. overgeneralization
  4. semantics
8________ is (are) the basic sound units of a spoken language.

  1. Syntax
  2. Phonemes
  3. Morphemes
  4. Grammar
9A specific formula for solving a problem is called ________.

  1. an algorithm
  2. a heuristic
  3. a mental set
  4. trial and error
10A mental shortcut in the form of a general problem-solving framework is called ________.

  1. an algorithm
  2. a heuristic
  3. a mental set
  4. trial and error
11Which type of bias involves becoming fixated on a single trait of a problem?

  1. anchoring bias
  2. confirmation bias
  3. representative bias
  4. availability bias
12Which type of bias involves relying on a false stereotype to make a decision?

  1. anchoring bias
  2. confirmation bias
  3. representative bias
  4. availability bias
13Fluid intelligence is characterized by ________.

  1. being able to recall information
  2. being able to create new products
  3. being able to understand and communicate with different cultures
  4. being able to see complex relationships and solve problems
14Which of the following is not one of Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences?

  1. creative
  2. spatial
  3. linguistic
  4. musical
15Which theorist put forth the triarchic theory of intelligence?

  1. Goleman
  2. Gardner
  3. Sternberg
  4. Steitz
16When you are examining data to look for trends, which type of intelligence are you using most?

  1. practical
  2. analytical
  3. emotional
  4. creative
17In order for a test to be normed and standardized it must be tested on ________.

  1. a group of same-age peers
  2. a representative sample
  3. children with mental disabilities
  4. children of average intelligence
18The mean score for a person with an average IQ is ________.

  1. 70
  2. 130
  3. 85
  4. 100
19Who developed the IQ test most widely used today?

  1. Sir Francis Galton
  2. Alfred Binet
  3. Louis Terman
  4. David Wechsler
20The DSM-5 now uses ________ as a diagnostic label for what was once referred to as mental retardation.

  1. autism and developmental disabilities
  2. lowered intelligence
  3. intellectual disability
  4. cognitive disruption
21Where does high intelligence come from?

  1. genetics
  2. environment
  3. both A and B
  4. neither A nor B
22Arthur Jensen believed that ________.

  1. genetics was solely responsible for intelligence
  2. environment was solely responsible for intelligence
  3. intelligence level was determined by race
  4. IQ tests do not take socioeconomic status into account
23What is a learning disability?

  1. a developmental disorder
  2. a neurological disorder
  3. an emotional disorder
  4. an intellectual disorder
24Which of the following statements is true?

  1. Poverty always affects whether individuals are able to reach their full intellectual potential.
  2. An individual’s intelligence is determined solely by the intelligence levels of his siblings.
  3. The environment in which an individual is raised is the strongest predictor of her future intelligence
  4. There are many factors working together to influence an individual’s intelligence level.

Critical Thinking Questions

25Describe an event schema that you would notice at a sporting event.
26Explain why event schemata have so much power over human behavior.
27How do words not only represent our thoughts but also represent our values?
28How could grammatical errors actually be indicative of language acquisition in children?
29How could a specific learning disability, such as dysgraphia or dyslexia, impact a child’s educational and school experience?
30What is functional fixedness and how can overcoming it help you solve problems?
31How does an algorithm save you time and energy when solving a problem?
32Describe a situation in which you would need to use practical intelligence.
33Describe a situation in which cultural intelligence would help you communicate better.
34Why do you think different theorists have defined intelligence in different ways?
35Compare and contrast the benefits of the Stanford-Binet IQ test and Wechsler’s IQ tests.
36What evidence exists for a genetic component to an individual’s IQ?
37Describe the relationship between learning disabilities and intellectual disabilities to intelligence.

Personal Review Questions

38Describe a natural concept that you know fully but that would be difficult for someone else to understand and explain why it would be difficult.
39Can you think of examples of how language affects cognition?
40Which type of bias do you recognize in your own decision making processes? How has this bias affected how you’ve made decisions in the past and how can you use your awareness of it to improve your decisions making skills in the future?
41What influence do you think emotional intelligence plays in your personal life?
42In thinking about the case of Candace described earlier, do you think that Candace benefitted or suffered as a result of consistently being passed on to the next grade?
43Do you believe your level of intelligence was improved because of the stimuli in your childhood environment? Why or why not?


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Introduction to Psychology Copyright © 2021 by Southern Alberta Institution of Technology (SAIT) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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