4.3 Citation Styles

Citation Styles

This tutorial will cover three citation styles commonly used in biology:

  • CSE (Council of Science Editors)
  • APA (American Psychological Association) 7th Edition
  • Ecology

Each style has the same elements, but uses them in a slightly different way.

Elements of an article citation:

  • Author name(s)
  • Date of publication
  • Title of article
  • Title of journal
  • Volume and issue number (for articles)
  • Page numbers
  • DOI (a unique identifier for each article that is not included in all styles)
CSE

Roeleveld M. 1991. The Giant-squid Architeuthis in southern African waters. J Zool. 224(3):431–477. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb06036.x.

 

APA

Roeleveld, M. (1991). The Giant-squid Architeuthis in southern African waters. Journal of Zoology, 224(3), 431–477. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1991.tb06036.x

 

Ecology

Roeleveld, M. 1991. The Giant-squid Architeuthis in southern African waters. Journal of Zoology 224:431–477.

 

When citing it is important to carefully follow the rules of the citation style you are using. This helps readers find the sources you cite and gives proper credit to your sources. In the next section, we will cover the rules to different styles.

Make sure you use the correct citation style for your course.

License

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Library Skills for 2nd Year Biological Sciences by Lauren Stieglitz is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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