Appendix 1: Answer Keys

40 Chapter 5: Answer Key


Focus questions


Part of feedback that discusses what needs to be improved
Feedback 1 It appears that there are a few issues with spelling and grammar. Could we look at the report again before forwarding it?
Feedback 2 Let us look at these two sentences here. Do you think they support the main idea in your topic sentence? It’s always a good idea to read your sentences carefully to check if they are all connected to the main idea. This way you will have a really good paragraph.
Indirect language Direct language
It’s always a good idea to read your sentences carefully to check if they are all connected to the main idea. You should read your sentences carefully to check if they are all connected to the main idea.
Could we look at the report again before forwarding it? Make sure you correct all the errors before forwarding the document.


After you read


  1. b
  2. a
Main employability skills discussed What the skill means One way to demonstrate the skill at work
1. Adaptability Ability to be flexible and

open to change

The examples given are examples of changes and not examples of demonstrating the skill. However, you can infer the following:

  • Accept new assignments and responsibilities.
  • Be open to learning about new software when it is introduced.
  • Adjust to a new way of doing things when you get a new supervisor.
2. Taking initiative Going beyond just doing your job


Doing things without being told

  • Identify the knowledge and skills you need on your own.
  • Find learning opportunities to improve your knowledge and skills.
  • Reflect on mistakes and identify gaps for self-development.
  • Offer to do something new and more challenging.
3. Being a good team player Ability to work well in groups
  • Be open to new ideas.
  • Respect another’s individuality and perspective.
  • Take feedback well.
  • Give appropriate feedback.
  • Build good relationships with other team members.
  • Contribute ideas.
  • Do your part well.
  1. c
  2. c
  3. b

a) confidence

b) adaptability

c) changes

d) taking initiative

e) knowledge and skills

f) unconfident people



Word/phrase Meaning
foundation a base or support on which something stands
inevitable cannot be avoided
opportunity chance
gap a space where something is missing
individuality the quality that makes a person different from others
perspective a way of thinking about and understanding something
critical expressing disapproval about something
rapport a friendly relationship
  1.   1. b

2. a

3. b

4. a

5. a


Verb Noun Adjective
confidence confident
adapt adaptability adaptable
develop development
responsibility responsible
communicate communication communicative
employ employers/ employability employable
  1. When Ivana first came to Canada, she wanted to start working as soon as possible. However, she quickly realized that getting a job in her field required more than just her qualifications. She discussed this with her friend. Her friend introduced her to a document called “Employability Skills 2000+” and advised her to set herself some goals. She read this document very carefully. She understood that she needed to develop some of her soft skills. This would help her get a job more easily  because she would be more employable in Canada with better soft skills. For example, she needed to work on her communicative abilities to be able to express her ideas more clearly. She believed in herself and was very confident that she would be able to adapt to life in Canada very soon. Ivana found an entry-level job in her field in six months. Now, eight years later, she has a job with a lot of responsibility in the same company. She is very happy with her success.

Reading progress check


  1. b
  2. c
  3. b
  4. a
  5. c
  6.   a) your mistakes

b) co-workers and supervisors


Word/phrase Meaning
reliable able to be trusted and depended on
flexible able to adapt to something new
diversity the state of having a variety of people from different cultures in a group or organization
self-conscious uncomfortably nervous about what people think about you
contribute to give something to help another person or group
interact to talk or do things with other people
journal a daily personal record of events


After you listen

Excerpt 1: Comprehension

  1. b
  2. c
  3. a
  4. b
  5. a
  6. c
  7. c

Excerpt 2: Comprehension

  1. b
  2. a
  3. a
  4. c
  5. a
  6. b
  7. a

Listening progress check: After you listen


  1. a
  2. On Friday/Friday
  3. b
  4. b
  5. a
  6. b


Word/phrase Meaning
stressed out anxious and worried
turn the opportunity to do something in a certain order
legal relating to the law
increment an increase in wages or salary
bonus an amount paid above the usual salary or wage
have an issue with have a problem with
sensitive aware of and understanding the feelings of others
consider to think about carefully before deciding


The paragraph


a) I had a lovely day yesterday. When I got up, it was warm and bright First, I had my shower and breakfast. At around ten, I drove to a nearby park and walked for an hour. After my walk, I sat by the river for some time to rest. I admired how beautiful everything looked. When I got back to my car, I heard someone shout my name. It was my friend, Tara. I was very happy to see her and invited her home. We chatted for hours and cooked dinner together. We enjoyed the dinner on my deck and watched the beautiful sunset. After Tara left, I read for a while. I fell asleep with a smile on my face. It was a lazy but beautiful day.

Irrelevant sentence:

There were some empty cans floating in the water.


My friend Igor learned about safety the hard Two months ago, he was working on a machine. He had on his safety boots and gloves, but he did not have on his safety glasses. Suddenly, a small piece of plastic hit him in his left eye. He was in a lot of pain. A co-worker called 911. A short while later, an ambulance arrived and the paramedics took him to the hospital. The doctors worked hard to save his eye but were not successful. Igor lost the sight in his left eye. The terrible experience taught him to always follow safety procedures and requirements carefully.

Irrelevant sentence:

The machine was new and shiny.

Editing a paragraph

I worked very hard to improve my writing skills on my own. First, I wrote a minimum of 150 words in my journal every day. I wrote about my day or something special I did or saw. I also wrote a summary of two short newspaper articles twice a week. In addition, I used the audio from the listening exercises in my e-textbook as dictation exercises. This helped me improve my spelling and my punctuation. I asked my instructor for the scripts so I could check my work. Finally, I worked on my weakest point, prepositions. Twice a week, I got two copies of the same free newspaper. I chose an article. In one newspaper, I deleted the prepositions in the article. The next day, I wrote in all the prepositions and then compared them with the same article in the other copy of the newspaper. All this was a lot of work, but I write much better now.



Task 2

Learn new skills /and improve your knowledge./ Keep a workplace journal./ Log your successes /and your challenges./ Reflect on the challenges/ so that you can set self-development goals./A workplace journal / will help you with your performance review / and your goal setting./ Speak up at meetings/ and offer suggestions./ Your co- workers/ and supervisor/ may not take your suggestions,/ but they will appreciate your input. / If you are self-conscious/ or shy at meetings,/ take your focus away from yourself/ and concentrate/ instead on the topic /and discussion./ Use your knowledge/ and skills/ to solve problems/ and make decisions./


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